Mould is a fungus and it exists in many forms. Although not all mould is bad, some moulds can lead to severe allergic reactions and other health issues. Aside from health risks, mould that is not controlled can develop and spread quickly. It may emit foul odours and be incredibly unsightly. As such, it will reduce the value of homes and buildings.
Effects on health
Mould releases spores, which live and travel through the air. These particles mix in with other irritants such as pollen. The presence of mould can trigger allergic reactions, asthma or even infection. If allergic, common symptoms can appear such as irritated mucous membranes in the eyes and nose, mucous generation, itchy throat with cough or skin rashes. In severe cases, it may be possible to develop hypersensitivity pneumonitis.
Mould infections can occur inside the lungs, but this only happens to people with weaker immune systems. Young children and seniors are more susceptible to this and toxic reactions. A handful of mould strains are toxic to people. The material causing the body to react this way is called mycotoxin. In rare occurrences, people have suffered serious injury to the body as a result.
If you tend to feel worse in a certain room or building than elsewhere, especially outdoors, that could be a sign there’s a problem with mould.
Smell and sight of mould
Mould can come in various colours. Sometimes small amounts of mould can look like dirt or dust on a wall. Furthermore, a serious mould problem can develop in areas hidden away from plain view. The appearance of a small patch can be the tip of the iceberg. A huge colony can lie behind walls and ceilings.
Look at walls and ceilings when checking for mould. It’s usually black, gray, brown, green, or white. They grow in groups and may have threads coming out. Mould can smell very musty.
Leaking, moisture, condensation, and past flooding
If there is a problem with water in your home or your area, being vigilant about detecting mould is important. Check around pipes and faucets where water travels. Sinks, toilets, showers, baths, the water heater, air conditioners and washers are areas to be checked. Flooding and issues with the roof will allow water to enter the home. Discover where the water leaks into the home and inspect using a flashlight for better lighting.
Once you have inspected the property and have found evidence of mould, it is important to assess the damage, address the underlying issue and seek professional assistance when necessary.
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